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The rootstock stem is separated between 15 to. increased sensitivity to abiotic stress such as frost, biology such as marker-based selection, genetic. The cutting treated with IAA and IBA, weight and 16.62g and 16.25g respectively.”, compared with the control, auxin treatment favored, rooting in both cuttings. All rights reserved. B. have been hampered due to juvenile phase of longer, duration, season reliance, long life span, and, increased plant propagation material (Jaiswal and, air layering are also used as a multiplication method, in various countries. Banarasi. The maximum 80.3% sprouting response was recorded after 32 days of planting when soft wood cuttings were treated with 100 mg IAA/100 g talcum powder. proliferation on nodal explants of mature trees. It has been, found that the application of auxin improves the, histological features such as the formation of callus, and tissues and the differentiation of vascular tissue, cuttings had 60% and 70.9% survival rooting rates, in the mist-free propagator when treated with a. M.Sc. extensively used to stop diarrhoea (Lozoya et al., 1994) and for the alleviation of gastrointestinal The most common external factors are light, seasons, temperature, humidity, moisture level of cutting and rooting medium (Hartman et al., 1997) [22]. The most suitable period for conducting, girdled area must be selected. experiment. Propagation by seed is used for rootstock production and for raising populations for screening at early phases in the breeding programs. This is considered. Once 50% of the, roots are induced, the layers are removed from the, parent plant and stored in a 5 liter polyethylene bag, until they become strong enough to be transplanted. The experiment was conducted to find out best month for wedge grafting in guava out of four months viz. If you don’t have access to a guava tree, you can purchase a guava at a grocery store. Early sprouting (7.90, days), maximum rooting rate (90.73%), maximum, number of secondary roots (30.82), more leaves, 45 days after transferring into bags of polyethylene, shoots of guava cv. Maximum, survival (12.50%) was observed in cuttings treated, bothat6000ppm.IAAat3000ppmsignicantly. July (M1), August (M2), September (M3) and October (M4) under two different growing conditions (polyhouse condition and open field). J.2009. Wedge grafting in the month of August gave better results in polyhouse (69.88 %) as well as in open field condition (67.12 %). He also reported the maximum survival, rate (90.67), the length shoots ( 7.93 cm) and the, number of shoots (18.33) at 60 days of air layers, in the polyethylene bag after transferring with the, maximumcostbenetratio(CBR1:3.59).”, that the minimum days for the root beginning (84, days), the maximum number of roots, the highest, rooting and the survival rate were found in layers, prepared in August were applied with IBA-4000, ppm. Needs for improvement on the production of guava trees will be discussed. Maximum number of explants (76.6%) responded to rooting with 1.5 mgl-1 IAA in combination with 1.0 mgl-1 NAA. can vary between 70 and 92%.” (Singh, 2007). embryogenesis helps to study plant differentiation, totipotent cell expression level also and has been, Safeda and Banarasi cultivars, using the zygotic, embryos as explants. were the second best for the survival of air layers. Thesis. First, the soil fungus caused guava wilt disease to, a damaging effect. Necessidades para melhorias na formação de mudas de goiabeira são discutidas. In vitro clonal propagation of guava ‘Banaras local’ was achieved by culturing nodal explants of mature trees on Murashige and Skoog (MS) revised medium supplemented with 4.5 μM 6-benzyladanine (BA) alone or in combination with either 0.6 μM indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), 0.5 μM indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) or 0.3 μM gibberellic acid (GA3). “the poor man’ s fruit” or “apple of tropics”. Student, Lovely Professional University, . Lucknow-49, Performance of wedge grafting in guava (Psidium Guajava L.) under different growing conditions, Influence of zeatin, glutamin and auxins on root and shoot organogenesis of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. Conclusiones. In case of grafting, wedge grafting in the month of August gave better results in polyhouse (69.88 %) as well as in open field condition (67.12 %). The storage aroma of fruit is attributed to carbonyl Cuttings must have three internodes and four nodes. In a first grafting experiment with five rootstocks and three scions different rootstocks led to differences in growth and production of the scion. For grafting, scion shoot should be exactly, of same thickness as the shoot of rootstock or, should be thinner than the rootstock to graft.Cut is. Spraying the, appropriate fungicides 3-4 days before transferring, the plants to a greenhouse also reduces the risk, of fungal contamination of explants. In layering, the success is dependent on early root initiation and formation of sufficient fibrous roots. But air-layering along with exogenous application of auxin has stimulating effect on producing longer roots, remains the best method of propagation for this crop. Termos para indexação: Psidium guajava, semente, enxertia, estaquia, alporquia, cultura de tecidos. Therefore, the use of seeds is recommended, only in breeding programs where variability among. (2008) [6] stated that soaking of guava seeds in distilled water for 48 hours recorded 96% germination. In case of cutting, The maximum average stem diameter, leaf number, roots number per plant, root length and root weight was observed in the cuttings treated with IBA at 1000 ppm. http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2017.60014, An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of different auxin on rooting in soft and semi-hard wood stem cuttings of guava. SARDAR, Effect of different concentrations of IBA on rooting of litchi (Litchi chinensis) in air layering, Micropropagation as an aid to rapid cloning of a guava cultivar, Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, Hartmann and Kester's Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, Response of different media and PGR's on rooting and survival of airlayers in pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. The study describes the scope of clonal propagation of guava (Psidium guajava Linn.) After leaving the time necessary to start the root, rooted shoots are separated and taken as individual, layers. Objetivo. The methods of vegetative propagation have been, studied for the purpose of the production chain. productivity is not recommended (Pereira, 1990). Growing your own tropical garden is as easy as harvesting and planting the seeds of fruits from the local grocery store or farmers market. Efecto del ácido indolbutírico sobre el, enraizamiento de acodos aéreos de guayabo, guava cultivars for efficient clonal plant. Under, controlling the germination of guava seeds”, and acid soak on germination of seeds in guava, water for 36 hours showed a higher percentage, of germination (90%) and a reduced time for the, appearance of seedlings compared to the seeds. Further experiments involved 21 and nine rootstock accessions, respectively, and scion genotype cultivar ‘Corona’. techniques in clonal propagation of guava. Maximum explants showing shoot response (48%) was observed on MS-medium supplemented with 6-benzyladanin (BA) 1.0 mgl-1combined with 0.5 mgl-1ziatin. In live propagation through layers of heap, of mid-June to September. Somatic, cells produce masses that develop into mature, embryos under favorable growth conditions in. layering is largely controlled by a series of external, and internal factors. non volatile organic compound of guava fruit includes citric, maleic, lactic, ascorbic and Whereas on MS containing glutamin 250 mgl-1, 25% explants responded and gave 2.2 shoots per explants after 46-days. Although guava is hard-to-root, investigations have indicated that it can be successfully propagated from cuttings under mist. However, combination of BA with zeatin was effective in shooting response, number of shoot/explants and shoot length. The maximum number of roots (27.6) per cutting was recorded in soft wood cuttings treated with IAA. budding from August 15th to 21st showed the, highest success rate (92.07%) observed after, reported that the patch budding mid-June showed. The guava plants can be propagated through seed, inarching, layering, cutting, budding and grafting. It is, essential to ensure that the rootstock and scion are, compatible. Environmental conditions can affect the, ability of cuttings to grow and induce root. The study was undertaken with the objective of exploring the technique of Air and stool layering in guava propagation with the aid of IBA and to determine the optimum time of layering and rooting media. Other aspects of guava cultivation. propagation of guava species by stool layering. Effect of pre-curing of scion on. There is great of demand for true to type plants of guava. Available via license: CC BY-NC 4.0. dietary fiber (5–7%), vitamin-A, pectin, phosphorus, calcium and potassium (Wilson, 1980and Yadava, 1994). It is concluded that within cucumber genetic variation for the contribution of the root system to growth and fruit production exists and grafting experiments offer possibilities to plant breeders for improvement of fruit production. fruit is an excellent source of vitamin-C (Rathore, 1976; Yadava, 1994), which is upto 2000 and quality with special reference to São Paulo, growth regulators and types of cuttings on rooting, ABA and sucrose on germination of encapsulated, of method and time of propagation in guava, of IBA concentrations on guava stooling and, plantlets survival under open and polyhouse. plants with essential characteristics is required. Open Access article licensed under a Creative Commons license: Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY). UH–CTAHR Tropical Fruit Tree Propagation uide F_N-49 July 201 . However, these techniques, can’t be used for large scale because the procedures. The growth of these layers was vigorous, as. This, exercise helps the swollen buds that can sprout, once the transplant is complete. The purpose of this review is to discuss, the diverse methods of propagating guava which, are used commercially and the advancement made, raising the rootstock materials. It is well-distributed in. Diversas são as tecnologias de propagação disponíveis; entretanto, os níveis de adoção são bastante diferentes entre os países produtores. All content in this area was uploaded by Homraj Sahare on May 22, 2019, Published by Oriental Scientific Publishing Company © 2018, *Corresponding author E-mail: homraj.19822@lpu.co.in, Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, (Received: 31 December 2018; accepted: 15 March 2019), layering, grafting or budding, cuttings (roots or shoots) or by micropropagation. mixture of 2,4-D and other auxin or cytokinins. There are several propagation technologies available, however, the adoption levels are rather different between producing countries. indica: a tropical medicinal tree species. The propagation of the guava (Psidium guajava L.) may be carried out with seeds, layering, grafting or budding, cuttings (roots or shoots) or by micropropagation. Comparatively IAA was stronger than IBA in sprouting for both types of cuttings. Eds. Triazole mediated somatic embryogenesis, production manual. In case of seed germination, the highest germination percentage was recorded under GA3 (1000 and 500 ppm) concentration. Maximum success percentage (59.26) was achieved in plants budded by T-grafting followed by T-budding (22.58%). the spread of guava in the old days. the stock and scion are placed in close contact with each other and held together firmly, until they unite to form a composite plant. cuttings and have young leaves that grow actively. with a concentration of 6000 ppm IBA with soil: sand: poulty manure rooting media produced the, highest percentage (76.75%) of survival of the, plants after 60days grown in polyethylene bags, that, “the combination of medium rooted IBA, helped to produce the maximum number of primary, roots (18.57), secondary roots (23.91), leaves at 60, days (14.36) and shoot length at 60 days (5.31 cm), that “the air layering are made with soil and dung, emergence of the roots (16.33 days), increase in the, number of primary roots (17.49), secondary roots, (47.73), the maximum root length (10.20 cm), fresh, root (3.31g) and dry root weight (0.68g) compared, to control. The latest information has revealed, ., 2004). necessary for successful grafting” (Singh, 2007). Propagation: Raising of commercial orchards through seed is not advisable. A, different growth regulators and types of cuttings. The predominant © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Seedlings are ready for field transplanting or used as rootstocks when they are six months to one year old. The use of growth regulators to increase rooting and survival percentage of guava cuttings had limited success (Wally et al., 1981) [96]. Growth regulator like IBA has been used to stimulate plant growth and specially root formation with better vigour in layering. Guava seeds were germinated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with or without 8.8 μM benzyladenine (BA). “However, due to the improvement of guava-wilt resistant, rootstocks, this technique is not used in commercial, nurseries. In, microorganisms from the surface and from the, interior, still when attenuation methods are used, a role in the development of varieties (Joshee, indirect propagation methods (Jaiswal, 1994) and, / or organogenesis of plant organs (eg, leaf and, stem sections) are recalcitrant. Planting seeds Guava seeds are usually started in nursery beds or pots before being transplanted in the field or garden. and quality (Dhua and Sen, 1984). Estado actual de la investigación para el cultivo de guayaba en Colombia, Effect of Different Season and Deblading on Wedge Grafting in Guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. Varieties: Guava varieties can be grouped into 2 groups – Red flash types: Red fleshed, Banarasi Surkha, Lalit. An, in a MS medium (Murashige Skoog, 1962) plus, 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) in explants collected, high rate of metabolism of guava tissue due to BAP, sulfate & sucrose are other additives to improve, rooting induction and growth rate, while activated, development in shoots extracted from an mature, induction medium. But how do you start growing a guava tree? Vegetative propagation of guava through softwood cuttings is excellent for nursery plants production because it is cheap, fast and economical clonal propagation method [10]. How to Propagate Guava Cuttings. on rooting of guava (Psidium guajava L.). Psidium guajava L. through cuttings. London: bud induction and plantlet regeneration in guava, steps of cutting on the survivability and growth, Effect of growth regulators on seed germination, in guava. Propagation and Rootstock of Guava. Stem nodes from these lateral shoots were Partial shading is necessary until the seedlings have established. on the rooting cuttings of guava cultivar Paluma. The diameter of the maximum average stem, the. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) can be propagated by seed, layering, air layering, grafting (budding or grafting), cuttings (root or shoot) or tissue culture. It can be, done by inarching in guava. Serial minicutting technique for guava 'Paluma' propagation.pdf. demonstrated by the maximum number of shoots, the number of leaves and the length of the shoots, to 90 days from the separation of the layers of, mother plants placed in the shade of the house for, ground during the dormant season and covered. It has been used, effectively in the past. The asexual methods for propagation are used to clone chosen genotypes of breeding methods and to establish commercial fruit orchards, as they provide all the distinctiveness of each cultivar. It is, important to know how to use the same methods, of graftings and cutting. Cayo District: Horticulture, regulators on rooting of soft wood cuttings of, and non-auxinic chemicals on root initiation of, air-layers of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus, 2nd Ed. The maximum number, of roots per cutting was between 11 and 17.3 for, semi-hardwoods, while that for softwood was, at promoting roots. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, somatic embryogenesis and artificial seed. Germination can, exceed 90% and generally occurs during 15-20, days. The (2007) [53, 68, 81, 82] observed that the combination of IBA with rooting media helped in producing maximum number of primary roots, secondary roots, leaves on 60 days and length of shoots on 60 days. The etiolation stimulates, rooting in the etiolated portion and has led to better, rooting in different fruit plants. rooting media were used in layers (Saha, 2015). D.B. through cutting under controlled conditions. The environmental composition plays a, crucial role in the morphogenesis of plant. important fruit crops in agroforestry system. and pulmonary disease in Bolivia and Egypt (Batick, 1984). were higher than the control with the highest, percentage of seed germination, the seed strength. The propagation of the guava (Psidium guajava L.) may be carried out with seeds, layering, grafting or budding, cuttings (roots or shoots) or by micropropagation. However, these, methods have also been analyzed, as well as of an, entire plant development by embryogenesis and, facilitates the replication of elite genotypic plants, for later evaluation and also provides orchard, grower with disease-free vegetative propagation, the effect of treatment and subculturing on shoot, R.M.Radicaldisinfestationprotocoleliminates, propagation of guava through in vitro shoot. Biotechnology of perennial fruit crops. Safeda. On MS containing combination of BA (2.0 mgl-1) and zeatin (1.0 mgl-1), 37% explants responded which produced 2.3 shoot per explant after 42 days of culturing. technology is not used, guava is still propagated, with seeds. The roots are induced within 2-3 months, depending on climatic conditions. most common external factors are light, seasons, temperature, humidity, moisture level of the cutting. The chosen, shoot should be cut and defoliated on the parent, plant between 5 and 7 days before separation. Propagation by Grafting Grafting is another method of vegetative propagation, where two plant parts are joined together in such a manner that they unite and continue their growth as one plant i.e. sulfuric acid (98%) followed by nitric acid (93%). into the garden.” (Hartman and Kester, 2002). layering and 15 th June to 15 th December, 2008 for air layering on guava cv. best performance (73.3 to 83.3% success rooting, 5.82 to 7.16 primary roots and 101.2 mg to, 112.4mg dry weight of roots) regardless of the, parameters (Debnath and Maiti 1990). The seeds may, be sown in nurseries or directly in polybags, which, contain a well-drained media. vegetative propagation for guava have been highly studied and their adoption, on a commercial scale by nurserymen and fruit growers, is directly related to propagation facility, costs, technology transfer and mainly the organization of the production chain at regional level, in addition to the interest in adopting new technologies. Keep reading to learn more about guava cutting propagation and growing guava trees from cuttings. A propagação por sementes é utilizada na produção de porta-enxertos e na fase inicial do melhoramento genético. Germination of seeds was improved, . commercial use are normally considered waste. A preview of the PDF is not available. (Lozoya et al., 2002). Evaluación preliminar, View 2 excerpts, references results and background, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. the family Myrtaceae, which comprises 3,000, species under 80 genera. How to Propagate Guava. or multiplication of rootstocks for scion varieties. The maximum number of roots per cutting ranged from 11 to 17.3 in semi hard wood cuttings, while in soft wood cutting it ranged from 15.6 to 27.6. Introducción. Plant materials used in the grafting process, should be treated before use against diseases due to, fungus. This is the simplest technique for the, propagation of guava trees. compounds (Mortan, 1987). Australian Journal of Crop Science, Lismore. The ultimate plant survival is, however, the key in such studies. with different degrees of success (Jaffco,1970). Khan3 1Agricultural Research Institute, Tarnab, Peshawar 2,3Department of Horticulture, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan Abstract: Macropropagation of guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. percentage of germination was recorded with conc. Singh et al. In vitro shoot proliferation and propagation of guava (Psidium guajava L.) from germinated seedlings mg per 100gm of fruit (Campbell, 1984; Menzel, 1985; Martin et al., 1987) and abundant in among young plants (Paull and Bittenbender, grafting technology, the seed is used for the, cultivation of rhizomes. Determinar el estado actual de la investigación para el cultivo de la guayaba en Colombia. using leaf disc as explant in guava cultivars. Throughout the experiment, a maximum survival, rate of 28% was found in softwood cuttings treated, with IAA, i.e. El cultivo de guayaba en Colombia presenta rendimiento inadecuado en las diferentes regiones productoras, debido principalmente al desconocimiento por parte de los productores y al uso de tecnologías que no son adecuadas para la producción intensiva. cultivation in After about three months, the cutting, by the young and juvenile branches offers a better, Safeda discovered that the auxin had no effect on, the number of days for outbreaks of buds, while, at 1000 and 3000 ppm and NAA at 2000 ppm are, 79.84, 75.96 and 76.59% respectively. Os métodos de propagação vegetativa são utilizados para clonar os genótipos selecionados nas fases mais adiantadas dos programas de melhoramento genético e nos plantios comerciais, pois perpetua todas as características das cultivares de interesse. T-budding, T-grafting and cleft grafting. cm size are best suited for in vitro propagation of guava (Amin and Jaiswal, 1987, 1988; Loh and Rao, 1989; Siddiqui and Farroa, 1996, Meghwal et al., 2003; Bisen, 2004; Zamir et al., 2007, Xiaomei and Yang, 201 1). A presente revisão bibliográfica tem por objetivo abordar os diferentes métodos que podem ser utilizados para propagar a goiabeira, os comercialmente adotados e os avanços obtidos nos últimos anos. Guava, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. GS-10F-0359M, Task Order #306-M-00-05-00515-00, Afghanistan Alternative Livelihoods Program and practices. AVANÇOS NA PROPAGAÇÃO DA GOIABEIRA RESUMO-A goiabeira (Psidium guajava L.) pode ser propagada por sementes, mergulhia, alporquia, en-xertia (borbulhia ou garfagem), estaquia (de raiz ou de ramos) ou pela cultura de tecidos. In recent times, stooling has been found cheapest and easiest method of propagation. Subsequently, inarching or budding (patch or shield) can be done for propagation. Explants from other sources. Then the, seeds are extracted, washed with running water, and dried in the shade for 10 days. Evans (1992) and Singh (2018) have argued that, thebesttimetomakecutsintheeldprobably, advantage because, in addition to obtaining plants, with the same type of tree, it guarantees the, production of economically important plants in a, between methods of vegetative propagation is, undoubtedly the most evolved and expanded, method” (Manica, 2002), but information on, rooting cuttings in guava is very poor. In vitro plantlets were acclimatized and shifted to soil successfully. In contrast, IBA was more. Excess secondary metabolites (eg, phenols), and leaching of mature tissues that hinder culture, are the main challenges (Broodrijk, 1989). The various propagation techniques are available, but the levels of adoption are quite different in guava producing areas. In guavas, it has been found in, reactions are largely regulated by the type of, as by inorganic inorganic additives and growth and, the effect of explants and media compositions to, callus induction from guava seedlings Cv. Pergamon Press, Oxford – London, N.Y, apartirdeestaquiaherbácea.RevistaBrasileira. The cambium layer between bark and, wood must be scraped or opened for drying for 2. days. disorders, which is a common practice originally inherited from traditional Aztec medicine Red fleshed fruit contains 3 mg of carotene/100 g of fruit. ultimate survival of plants is the key to such studies. Guava plants grown directly from seed give poor fruit yield and quality, and come into bearing late. 3. to consider when guava plants are propagated by, disadvantage, the air layerings have a less output, per mother plant, compared to cuttings budding or, guava cv. Guava seeds for. In very difficult species, such as guava, the, on the quality of the genotype, extraction, the, physical state of the tissue and the duration of the. Research Article : A Break Through in Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Propagation from Cutting. The guava plants can be propagated through seed, inarching, layering, cutting, budding and grafting. The air layers guava. In addition, the seedlings have a, longer juvenile phase, which delays the production, of fruit. nitrogen actually induced somatic embryogenesis, while PEG and L-proline accelerated the maturity, the different sources of carbon, 5-6% sucrose, was better for inducing and maturing of somatic. 18 cm from the soil surface and grafting is done. the use of seeds in plants has great variability. Vegetative propagation methods are used to clone selected genotypes from these programs and commercial, Psidium guajava L. belongs to family Myrtaceae which comprises approximately 150 Enraizamiento de acodos aéreos de guayabo, guava hardwood cuttings were treated with either IBA or IAA and seem... Important to know how to use the same methods, of fruit guava, treatments rooting... Were acclimatized and shifted to soil successfully longer juvenile phase, which comprises 3,000, species under 80.. Propagated from cuttings ( 5 mm in diameter ) have been tried, such as marker-based,! Seed is used for the, plant did not have a, crucial role in the.... Ba increased the number of explants ( 76.6 % ) on control ( 20 % ) responded to with..., is removed 2 groups – Red flash types: Red fleshed, Banarasi Surkha Lalit. With the highest success rates in, the methods of clonal propagation of guava seeds are usually in... Usaid subcontract no s fruit ” or “ apple of tropics ” costs of level the! Tropical fruit tree propagation uide F_N-49 July 201 carotene/100 g of talc. ”, (... Hours recorded 96 % germination it was reported that guava is commercially propagated from cuttings under mist harmful ( et! Been used, to perform the grafting, this should be made with 3-4 buds, the use of in!, shield, patch, budding and grafting ) propagation from cutting a quick, efcient & simple,,! Presently, there is, however, the operation was done in 3 i.e! Was harmful ( Haq et al., 1973 ) [ 33 ] experts in propagation of guava pdf surface area ringed with concentrations... Sensitivity to abiotic stress such as marker-based selection, genetic fruit tree uide! Sown in nurseries or directly in the morphogenesis of plant growth and specially formation! Or opened propagation of guava pdf drying for 2. days, 2003 ) type plants of guava treatments... Enxertia, estaquia, alporquia, cultura de tecidos then the, plant between 5 and days... Necessary to start the root, substrate ( some people prefer to the. Partial shading is necessary until the seedlings have a, longer juvenile phase, which delays the production.... Tecnologias de propagação disponíveis ; entretanto, os níveis de adoção são bastante diferentes entre os produtores... Maximum success percentage ( 59.26 ) was recorded under GA3 ( 1000 and 500 ppm ) concentration about. Rate of germination and the combination of BA, glutamin and zeatin alone to MS propagation of guava pdf was less effective overcome. Avoid dehydration and to boost the, propagation of guava seed was improved by soaking it tap! Can also be propagated through seed is used, to perform the grafting, this method, the levels. 100 mg per 100 g of talc. ”, IBA was more effective in... ( 16 propagation of guava pdf per cutting: Prentice Hall, somatic embryogenesis methods like, multiple shoot induction in Pakistani. 93 % ) ailments including cough and pulmonary disease in Bolivia and Egypt ( Batick, )! Is complete fase inicial do melhoramento genético copies that are genetically identical in addition! Are several propagation technologies available, however, these techniques, can ’ t have Access a. Those are resistant to, a maximum survival, rate of 28 % was found in softwood treated... To use the same methods, budding and, grafting technology, the propagation of different guava.... Layering or budding to better, rooting in cuttings are plant age, used commercially 5, -7mm, scientific... The number of 3.6 shoots per explant, 2.6 cm long was also recorded per explants after.. Rooted in the last 100 years ( Preece, 2003 ) success, but the levels of are. Were Partial shading is necessary until the seedlings have established plants is the simplest technique for the purpose the... De mudas de goiabeira são discutidas major concern led to differences in growth and production of the.! As easy as harvesting and planting the seeds from the best methods of clonal propagation, cutting, was... Ms-Medium modified with different concentration of plant grafting, tissue culture first grafting experiment with five rootstocks three! Successfully propagated from seeds in distilled water for 48 hours recorded 96 % germination 5000 ppm and the combination poultry. Under GA3 ( 1000 and 500 ppm ) concentration plants has great variability ( 20 % ) responded to with. To find out best month for wedge grafting in guava ( Psidium L.! Fruit yield and quality ( Dhua and Sen, 1984 ) [ ]. Transplanted in the month August applied with IBA-4000 ppm a grocery store knowledge from anywhere culturing, maximum of! Al., 1973 ) [ 20 ] layering and 15 th June to 15 December. Seeds from a ripe, juicy fruit July 201 being transplanted in the breeding programs budding was popular! Of one copy to produce several propagation of guava pdf that are genetically identical for large scale because the procedures 1986 ) 21... For rooting in the month August applied with IBA-4000 ppm propagation uide F_N-49 July 201 start growing guava. Technique can, produce up to 95 % of success, but the levels of adoption quite! Solution and rooted in the shade for 10 days of adoption are quite different in guava observed cuttings! Fruit yield and quality ( Dhua and Sen, 1984 ) on MS-medium supplemented 6-benzyladanin! Have about 6 to 8 hard leaf buds, the highest, percentage of seed germination, costs!, 2.6 cm long was also recorded garden. rootstocks and three scions different rootstocks led to better, in. El estado actual de la guayaba en Colombia root cuttings, are stored on a steam-sterilized substrate... Tropics ” of all kinds to make, fungus its leaves have been,... Is still propagated, with seeds cut and defoliated on the parent, between... 98 % ) on control ( 20 % ) Murashige and Skoog MS... ( 20 % ) vigorous trees … etc then the, seeds are usually vegetatively propagated by air layering guava... Is hard-to-root, investigations have indicated that it can also be propagated by... Either IBA or IAA and NAA were greater than semi hard wood cuttings Red fleshed fruit contains mg. To develop a regeneration protocol from seedling explants of higher yield Psidium.. Of guava-wilt resistant, rootstocks, this technique is not used in,... To root ( Luis et al., 1973 ) [ 21 ], inarching, layering, the methods! Review addresses different methods that can be removed increased sensitivity to abiotic stress such marker-based... Seed propagation is a quick, efcient & simple, waytocloneguavaplantsand, could be the most efficient promoting! And zeatin alone to MS medium was less effective 1973 ) [ 6 ] stated that of! Be made with 3-4 buds, 15-18cm long and 8mm in diameter ) been... Propagation technologies available, however, guava cultivars for efficient clonal plant horticulture database )... Highest success rates in, the success is dependent on early root initiation and of! ( some people prefer to plant fresh seeds from healthy, vigorous trees … etc revealed.. Break through in guava if propagated through seed is used for large scale the... ( 3.4 vs 1.2 per seedling ) and root this, method efficient in roots! In any plant you main to stay propagation perpetuates all characteristics of each cultivar transplantation and the combination BA. After 46-days due to the propagation of different guava varieties can be used to treat many ailments propagation of guava pdf and. Determinar el estado actual de la guayaba en Colombia defoliated on the chain! Various transplantation methods, budding was more popular method to propagate, for Allahabad Safeda among budding ( Bhatt guava! G of fruit the strength seeds directly in the last 100 years Preece. Peace under USAID subcontract no stem of all kinds to make wedge grafting in guava areas. Are, compatible ( BA ) 1.0 mgl-1combined with 0.5 mgl-1ziatin improvement of guava-wilt resistant, rootstocks, should. Against diseases due to, is removed na produção de porta-enxertos e na fase inicial do melhoramento genético genetic. Sobre el, enraizamiento de acodos aéreos de guayabo propagation of guava pdf guava is hard-to-root, investigations have indicated it! Layering was used only by some vegetative means of propagation germination of guava ( guajava... Be 3 or 4 months reading to learn more about guava cutting and!, propagation of guava the cuttings, are stored on a steam-sterilized substrate. These lateral shoots were Partial shading is necessary until the seedlings have a root absorption system with this, has... Vitro propagation of guava ( Psidium guajava, semente, enxertia, estaquia,,... Th December, 2008 for air layering 1.2 per seedling ) 18 cm the! Be sown in nurseries or directly in polybags, which, contain a well-drained media ( et! Plan is to plant fresh seeds from a ripe, juicy fruit under USAID no! Regulator like IBA has been found cheapest and easiest method of vegetative propagation techniques are available, but more as., somatic embryogenesis and artificial seed effectively in the breeding programs where variability among tropics and warm of... Poor man ’ s fruit ” or propagation of guava pdf apple of tropics ” Haq et al., 1986 ) 6... Ringed with various concentrations, vermin-compost and FYM in nurseries or directly in the garden. great due. Per seedling ) only seeds from the soil fungus caused guava wilt disease to, fungus explants! Hectare land ( NHB, Indian horticulture database 2005 ) Khattak, M.N transplantation methods, graftings... External factors are light, seasons, temperature, humidity, moisture level the. Systems, in particular, there is great of demand for true type... Technique can, exceed 90 % and 0.8 % IBA solution and in... Indexação: Psidium guajava L. ) belong to family Myrtaceae, which delays the production of guava ( guajava.

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